Scoliosis is a condition where the spine or back bone is curved sideways instead of appearing in a straight line. It can occur in all ages, but commonly occurs in children before puberty, during their growth spurt.
Most often the cause of scoliosis is unknown and is termed as idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis can be categorized into two groups:
Non-structural scoliosis: This type of scoliosis presents as a structurally normal spine with a temporary or changing curve. Causes include:
Structural scoliosis: This type of scoliosis presents with a fixed curve in the spine. Causes include:
Scoliosis is diagnosed by reviewing your child’s medical and family history, and performing a thorough physical examination. X-rays further aid in confirming the diagnosis.
Treatment of scoliosis is based on the cause, age of the patient, and how much your child has to grow. Treatment options include: